Boni (Samachi); Digo (Mpingo); Duruma (Maringo); Swahili (kikwaju, mpingo, poyi); Giriama (Muhingo); Kamba (Muvingo);Meru (Mwengo);Taita (Myingo).
|Distribution of Dalbergia melanoxylon in Kenya|
|© Maundu P. and Bo Tengnas. (2005). Useful trees and shrubs for Kenya, World Agroforestry Centre.|
|© Bo Tengnas|
General Information about the Tree:
Propagation and Tree Management
- Fodder: The pods and leaves can be used as animal fodder.
- Apiculture: Like other members of the genus Dalbergia, its honey is dark amber and strong flavoured.
- Fuel: Provides high quality fuel; heat generation is so high that fires of D. melanoxylon have been reported to melt cooking utensils.
- Timber: Produces high quality timber. It is slightly oily, exceptionally hard and very heavy, brittle and somewhat fissile. The heartwood is extremely durable and resistant to all forms of biological deterioration and insect attacks.
- Medicine: The roots are used in traditional medicines to treat abdominal pain, diarrhoea and syphilis. The wood smoke is inhaled to treat headaches and bronchitis.
- Soil fertility improvement: It improves soil fertility through nitrogen fixation.
- Shade or shelter: The usually evergreen behaviour potentially makes B. aegyptiaca an attractive element to introduce into shelter belts, although because of its slow growth, it is not suitable as a principal species.
Pests and Diseases
Heart rot has been observed on some logs, apparently associated with fungal infection following fire damage. Small game may feed on young shoots and leaves.