Kamba (Kitundu, Mutundu); Kikuyu (Mutundu, Mutundu wa njora); Kipsigis (Tebesuet); Kisii (Omosocho); (Luhya (Omuswitswi); Luo (Ngong'ngong'); Maasai (Olkeparke); Marakwet (Taboswa); Meru (Mutuntu); Nandi (Tebesuet); Pokot (Toboswa); Taita (Mfirifiri); Tugen (Tebesuet).
|Distribution of Croton macrostachyus in Kenya|
|(c) Maundu P. and Bo Tengnas. (2005). Useful trees and shrubs for Kenya, World Agroforestry Centre.|
|Broad-leaved croton (Croton megalocarpus)|
|(c) Bo Tengnas|
General Information about the Tree:
The tree does well in altitude ranges of 600 - 2,000 m above sea level and is spread in agro climatic zones I - III.
Propagation and Tree Management
- Fodder: the leaves can be used as fodder.
- Fuel: it is used for firewood and the production of charcoal, but it burns with a rather unpleasant spicy odor.
- Apiculture: This species is known to produce a dark-ambered honey with strong flavour.
- Timber: its wood is of medium weight, moderately soft, perishable and susceptible to attack by wood borers. It can be used for heavy-duty flooring, poles and tool handles.
- Poison: Seeds and resin are poisonous.
- Medicine: boiled leaf decoction is drunk or ashes taken orally as treatment for cough; juice from fresh leaves is applied on wounds to hasten clotting; root decoction is used as an anthelmintic for tapeworm, as a purgative, and for malaria and venereal diseases and in some communities bark from the stems and roots is boiled in water and newly born babies are bathed in the mixture as a remedy for skin rash.
- Erosion control: it can also be employed in soil conservation.
- Shade or shelter: these trees are commonly planted for the useful shade that they provide.
- Soil improver: it has manyeaf fall provides mulch and green manure.
- Ornamental; the attractive tree can be planted in amenity areas.
- Intercropping: it is also suitable for intercropping.
Pests and Diseases
The seeds are usually prone to insect attacks while still on the tree.