Boran (Ejarse); English (brown olive, wild olive, Indian olive, African wild olive, olive); kamba (Muthata); Keiyo (Yemit); Kikuyu (Mutamaiyu); Kipsigis (Emitiot); Bukusu (Kumunyubuti); Luo (Kang'o); Maasai (Oloirien) Marakwet (Yemit); Meru (Muthata); Nandi (Emidit); Ogiek (Yemdit); Sabaot (Yemit); Samburu (Tamiyai); Somali (Wera); Taita (Mkumbi); Tugen (Yemit); Turkana (Euriepei)
|Distribution of Olea africana in Kenya|
|© Maundu P. and Bo Tengnas. (2005). Useful trees and shrubs for Kenya, World Agroforestry Centre.|
|Brown Olive Tree|
|© Bo Tengnas|
General Information about the Tree:
Propagation and Tree Management
- Food: The main olive products are olive oil and edible olives. The fleshy, oil-bearing mesocarp used in commercial olive growing is absent in the much smaller fruits of O. africana ssp. africana. Can also be used for seasoning (fermentation and flavouring milk) and making soup.
- Fodder: The plants are much browsed on by livestock.
- Fuel: Rural communities use wild olive extensively to provide firewood.
- Timber: Wood is hard and heavy; weighing approximately 1 140 kg/cubic m. Sapwood is light brown while the heartwood is red-brown to yellow, with dark figuring. The wood is fine-textured and finishes well, and is often used to make ornaments such as wall clocks and vases. Jewellery items such as beads, brooches and bangles are also made from wild olive wood. Although the tree does not produce sawable logs or branches, there are still several furnituremakers that, with great effort produce furniture from the limited quantities of timber.
- Medicine: The Wandorobo and Kipsigis of Kenya use a root or bark decoction as a remedy for malaria.
- Reclamation: The high drought tolerance of O. europaea ssp. africana suggests that it is a good candidate for reforestation in semi-arid zones of the country such as north eastern parts.
- Ornamental: Olive plantations have the capacity to beautify the landscape
- Shade:it can provide shade for livestock and humas in hot weather
- Windbreak:it can shield property from destructive winds
- Ceremonial: The tree can be used in performing ceremonies.
Pests and Diseases
This is not a serious problem and so no information about the same.