- Conventional agriculture uses chemical fertilizers that only add the major plant nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorous to soils in order to make the plants grow faster. However plants extract many other minerals as well, eventually emptying the soil of such reserves. The poorer the soils are in the first place, the sooner they get depleted and crops - our food - becomes less nutritious. Unfortunately many African soils are fairly poor and depend on constant replenishment of organic matter to stay fertile and productive. Organic and sustainable agriculture technologies improve and maintain soil fertility, but such knowledge is almost getting forgotten with all the promotion of chemical agriculture.
- Essential minerals are refined out of food. Refining food to make white rice, white flour and white sugar removes up to 90% of trace minerals. This resulted in wide prevalence of the disease Beriberi before governments got wise and ordered the refined foods to have legal minimum nutrient requirement of especially calcium, iron and Vitamin B added. This is advertised on the packet as "enriched" or "with added vitamins and minerals". Requirements keep on being added as knowledge increases. This could have been avoided by not removing the nutrients in the first place, but consumers have now become used to white foods, and awareness of the health hazards of such white foods is still quite low.
- Our mineral needs are increasing. Over the last 20 years numerous samples of human blood, sweat and hair has been analysed and without exception has shown increased levels of heavy metals such as cadmium, aluminium, and mercury. These are poisonous minerals that come from pollution and act as "anti-nutrients" as they compete with essential minerals such as magnesium, zinc, chromium, manganese and selenium. Consequently the beneficial essential minerals are decreasing in the same samples. The poisonous minerals accumulate as we get older, and cause increasing health problems. We now need more "good" minerals to protect us from the toxic minerals we get through polluted air, food and water.
Percentage minerals lost in refining wheat flour
Percentage remaining after
removing bran and
The Macro Minerals
The Micro Minerals
Boron is part of the bone building complex, but not many other details have been found
WARNING Mineral supplements are dangerous and should not be taken without consulting a medical practioners
1. First draft compiled by Infonet and Dr Mukuhi Nganga 2009 - 2010
2. Reviewed by Alice Ndong February 2012
Information Source Links
- D'Souza RM, D'Souza R. Vitamin A for treating measles in children. COCHRANE DATABASE SYST REV. (2002);(1):CD001479.
- Holford P. (2007).New Optimun Nutrition Bible. Piatkus Books, an imprint of Little, Brown Book Group, 100 Victoria Embankment, London EC4Y 0DY. ISBN: 978-0-7499-2552-9
- Human Vitamins requirement; Report of Joint FAO - WHO expert Consultation (2002) - Bangkok Thailand
- Lee V, Ahmed F, Wada S, et al. Extent of vitamin A deficiency among rural pregnant women in Bangladesh. PUBLIC HEALTH NUTR. Jun 12 (2008);1-6
- Phylis A. Balch, and James F Balch, (2000). Prescription fro Nutritional healing, 3rd Edition