Standard Procedures for the Preparation and Application of the Plant Extracts
Botanicals are derived from plants. Many plant products are said to have pesticidal properties. They are natural products and most of them break down quickly on the leaves or in the soil. However, there is very little information on their effective dose rates, their impact on beneficial organisms or their toxicity to humans.
Garlic is widely cultivated and easy to grow in field, garden or backyard. It is appreciated as a seasoning or condiment for cooking and due to its medicinal properties. Its value as a pesticide is also appreciated particularly in organic farming and cultivation in the backyard gardens. There are commercial pesticides containing garlic as an active ingredient, and homemade extracts are widely used.
Garlic has anti-feedant (insect stop feeding), bacterial, fungicidal, insecticidal, nematicidal and repellent properties.
Garlic is reportedly effective against a wide range of disease-causing pathogens and insects at different stages in their life cycle (egg, larvae, adult). This includes ants, aphids, armyworms, diamondback moth and other caterpillars such as the false codling moth, pulse beetle, whitefly, wireworm, khapra beetle, mice, mites, moles, Epilachna beetles, and termites as well as fungi bacteria and nematodes.
Garlic is non-selective; it has a broad-spectrum effect and can kill beneficial insects as well. Therefore, it should be used with caution. It is not recommended for aphid control since it kills the natural enemiesof aphids. Adult ladybird beetles seem not to be affected by garlic sprays (Ellis et al. 1992) (Brooklyn Botanic Garden, 2000). Drenching with garlic extracts to control soil nematodes, although effective, should be avoided since it may also kill many beneficial soil bacteria and insects.
When growing garlic for pest control, it has been recommended avoiding use of large amounts of fertilisers. This is because heavy doses of fertiliser reduce the concentration of the effective substances in the garlic (HDRA).