Boran (Nyapo); Duruma (Nyaeppo); Embu (Mukinduri); Gabra (Nyaap'po); Giriama (Muyama): Kamba (Muthulu); Kikuyu (Mukinduri); Luhya (Musine, Omsala kwa tsibanda); Meru (Mukinduri); Taita (Mkigara); Swahili (msenefu); Samburu (marakuet); Tugen (Ortuet):
|Distribution of Croton megalocarpus in Kenya|
|(c) Maundu P. and Bo Tengnas. (2005). Useful trees and shrubs for Kenya, World Agroforestry Centre.|
General Information about the Tree:
Propagation and Tree Management
- Fodder: The seed is incorporated in poultry feeds, as its protein content is high (50%).
- Fuel: Well-dried nuts are reportedly used in some areas together with charcoal in cooking stoves. The tree is also utilized for firewood.
- Apiculture: This species produces a dark-ambered honey with strong flavour.
- Timber: Wood is of medium weight, hard, termite-resistant, strong; it is used for timber and building poles.
- Medicine: Seed contains up to 32% oils, which have been used favourably as medicine. Bark decoction is used as a remedy for worms and whooping cough.
- Shade/shelter; It has a flat crown and horizontal layers of branches which make it useful in providing light shade and serving as a windbreak.
- Soil improver: the leaves have high levels of nitrogen and phosphorus which they can add into the soil when used. Leaves also serve as a source of mulch, eg, in coffee plantations.
- Ornamental: It has conspicuous flowers which make it suitable as an ornamental.
- Boundary or barrier or support: The species is not browsed by livestock and therefore a suitable species for live hedge.
Pests and Diseases
Croton is susceptible to attacks by Ambrosia beetles in areas of altitude between 1,300 to 2,100 m in Kenya. Other insect pests that may attack it include Scolytidae.