Thrips

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notes: 

(Some species of Haplothrips are reported as pest in South Africa, we do not know if they are pests in Kenya or east Africa. Haplothrips are present in East Africa, but some of them are beneficial (predacious) and we do not know the status on the region. This will have to be reviewed when we finish with the datasheets). [br] When the status of Haplothrips in East Africa has been clarified we could decided if we leave this information on egg-laying habits. [br] Biological pesticides: check with list of Seif [br] FW: Include information on synthetic pesticides?

feaured_photo_co: 
Georg Goergen (Courtesy of EcoPort, www.ecoport.org)
Is this a Minor Pest?: 
Yes
Minor Pest Title: 

Thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti and Frankliniella schultzei)

Minor Pest Description: 

Thrips are among the most widespread and important pests of cowpeas in Africa. The cowpea flower thrips or African bean flower thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) causes yield losses of up to 100%.

 

During the pre-flowering period, nymphs and adults of this thrips may damage the terminal buds. However, the main damage is on the flower buds and flowers. Attacked flower buds become brown and eventually fall off, leaving behind dark red scares. Damaged flowers are distorted, malformed and show decolouration and may fall off. Infested on pods are malformed.

 

Minor Pest What to do.: 
  • Intercropping: There are several reports that thrips populations are reduced when cowpeas are intercropped with maize or sorghum. However, there are also conflicting reports (Ezueh, 1991) indicating increased pod borer and pod sucking bug populations in mixed cropping of cowpeas with sorghum (Nanpala et al, 2002).

    In Kenya, populations of the African bean flower thrips (Megalurothips sjostedti) and Hydatothrips adolfifriderici on cowpea buds were almost halved by intercropping the cowpea with sorghum and maize (Parella and Lewis, 1997).

  • Use resistant varieties. The varieties "IT90K-277-2", "KVx404-8-1", "Moussa Local", "Sanzisabinli", "Sewe", "TVu1509", "TVx34236", and "IT91K-180" are reported to show resistance against the cowpea flower thrips in West Africa (IITA).
  • Spraying with neem extracts. In Ghana a threshold of 5 thrips per flower is recommended as a guideline before spraying (GTZ/PPRSD). In Uganda the economic injury level has been established at 7 thrips per flower (IPM CRSP).
Minor Pest Position: 
5
Minor Pest Firstcontent: 
120
Pest Type: 
insect
Host Plants: 
Cowpea