Damping-off diseases (Pythium spp., Fusarium spp., Rhizoctonia solani)
They are caused by a complex of fungi. They cause rotting of seeds before emergence and seedlings after emergence from the soil. Affected fields appear patchy. They are favoured by wet, cool weather.
- Use certified disease-free seeds.
- Practise proper irrigation.
- Treat seeds with hot-water, if necessary. For more information on Hot-water seed treatment click here.