Downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis)
Symptoms on leaves appear as small, pale-yellow areas on upper leaf surface. Under humid conditions, a purplish, grey whitish growth may be seen on the underside of the yellowish spots. Affected leaves curl, shrivel and die.
Most downy mildew fungi require cool weather for reproduction and development. This is not true of the cucurbit downy mildew fungus. Optimum temperature for infection is at 16 to 220C. It can survive when temperatures are over 37.80C. The most critical factor for infection is a film of moisture and / or long dew periods on leaves. Disease spread is primarily by wind and rain splash. The fungus attacks only members of the cucumber family, mostly those that are cultivated, although it can infect wild cucumber and a few other weed hosts.
- Rotate crops for at least two years with crops not related to Zucchini.
- Practice good nursery and field hygiene.
- Allow crops to get good air movement by planting with wider spacing and parallel to the wind direction.
- Plant varieties that are tolerant to downy mildew.