Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense) (also called Panama disease) on banana
This is a soil-borne fungus that attacks the roots and blocks the vascular system in the banana, so that the plant wilts. Diseased leaves turn yellow from the margins, dry up and collapse leaving a skirt of dead leaves draped around the plant. There is no effective control for Fusarium wilt, which is spread on infected suckers and in ground water.
- Sanitation and cultural methods can minimise spread of the disease.
- In areas where Fusarium wilt is endemic resistant varieties such as "Cavendish", "Kisigame", "Mararu" and "Uganda green" (plantain) should be grown.