Late blight

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sr: see farmers experiences, what is meant with EM and BM???

Is this a Minor Pest?
Minor Pest Title

Late blight (<i>Phytophthora infestans</i>)

Minor Pest Description

This disease is favoured by cool, cloudy, wet conditions. Symptoms of late blight are irregular, greenish-black, water soaked patches, which appear on the leaves. The spots soon turn brown and many of the affected leaves wither, yet frequently remain attached to the stem.


Minor Pest What to do.
  • Plant resistant varieties where available. In Kenya, varieties "Tigoni", "Kenya Baraka", "Roslin Eburu", "Annet" and "Asante" are claimed to have some resistance to late blight.
  • Practise rotation with non-solanaceaous crops (do not rotate with tomatoes and eggplants).
  • Practise good field hygiene. Pull up and discard infected plants.
  • Select only, certified, disease-free seed potatoes and never plant table-stock potatoes
  • Keep foliage dry and avoid overhead irrigation.
  • Plant potatoes in sunny, well-drained locations.
  • KARI has also conducted studies to evaluate lower cost measures used by farmers to control late blight, including the application of a mixture made of stinging nettle (possibly Urtica massaica, though not indicated) and Omo (presumably the commercial brand of laundry detergent). Although this treatment was not as effective as a commercial fungicide, Ridomil, blight scores were nevertheless lower and yields higher than observed for the control. On a benefit to cost basis, the stinging nettle treatment was impressive, at over two to one (KARI 2000). This treatment is apparently not a common practice in Kenya, at least not yet, but an example of using stinging nettle (Urticaria dioica) as a treatment against late blight in Sweden is reported in Ecology and Society.
Minor Pest Position
Minor Pest Firstcontent
Pest Type
Common names; Late blight / potato blight
Seriousness; It is very destructive in cool, moist conditions
Host Plants